Plant and Animal Sources of Pantothenic Acid

Pantothenic acid is present in all forms of plant and animal-based foods in differing quantities. Some of the essential sources of pantothenic acid are chicken, meat foods, whole grains, beef, and some vegetables, especially green leafy vegetables. In addition, it is supplemented through numerous foodstuffs, including cereals and beverages (energy drinks). Studies revealed that about 40\%-61\%40%−61% (or half, on average) of vitamin B5 from foods is absorbed in the body. Animal and plant tissues that are edible contain comparatively more concentrations of vitamin B5. However, processing food may cause some significant reduction of pantothenic acid \left(20\%-80\%\right)(20%−80%). Therefore, the best way to get enough of pantothenic acid is to consume nutrient-rich foods and maintain a proper diet. Pantothenic acid is a simple vitamin to assimilate into a proper diet.

It is present in most of the dietary food substances that include:

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Variants of cabbage

Dairy products

Sweet and white potatoes

Cereals and whole grains


Green peas


All forms of meats

All forms of beans

Poultry foods



Other sources of vitamin B5 include cauliflower, beetroots, peas, bran, black currants, berries (strawberries, raspberries), cucumbers, dill, animal liver, peanuts, grains, sprouted grains, brewer’s yeast, and fish. Inclusion to dietary supplements, pantothenic acid is formed in the intestinal microflora.

Health Benefits of Pantothenic Acid
Pantothenic acid plays an essential role in decreasing cholesterol levels in patients suffering from hyperlipidemia or dyslipidemia as this vitamin helps break down fats in the body.

Hyperlipidemia is a condition in which there is an abnormal increase in the content of cholesterol or lipids (low-density lipids which are also called bad cholesterol and triglycerides) and a reduction in the levels of high-density cholesterol (good cholesterol) in the vascular system.

A decrease in the levels of vitamin B5 will prevent the breaking down and clearing of lipids in the blood system.

Studies had evidenced that vitamin B5 has an antioxidant property that helps in reducing inflammation of low-grade, which is present in the primary phase of cardiovascular diseases.

Some research suggests that it is unclear if vitamin B5 additives can reduce blood cholesterol solely (or increase the lipid-lowering effects) by consuming a heart-healthy diet.

Pantothenic acid can reduce the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis disease.

People who have rheumatoid arthritis have low levels of pantothenic acids in blood compared to healthy people. The deficient levels of this compound may result in severe symptoms.

However, some research shows that calcium pantothenate helps in reducing symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, relieves pain and morning stiffness.

Pantothenic acid creams have dampened effects on the epidermis.

Pantothenic acid in few people speeds up wound healing processes, mainly wound due to surgery. However, this is more effective when vitamin B5 is combined with vitamin C.

Deficiency of Pantothenic Acid
The deficiency of pantothenic acid in humans is extremely rare. Patients with deficient vitamin B5 have the symptoms of lethargy, depression, drowsiness, apathy, burning, tingling, and numbness.

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